那么佛陀对功德回向 (𝙋𝙖𝙩𝙩𝙞𝙙𝙖𝙣𝙖) 于已故者有何开示？
𝐂𝐡𝐢𝐞𝐟 𝐑𝐞𝐯. 𝐁. 𝐒𝐫𝐢 𝐒𝐚𝐫𝐚𝐧𝐚𝐧𝐤𝐚𝐫𝐚 𝐌𝐚𝐡𝐚 𝐓𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐚 𝐌𝐞𝐬𝐬𝐚𝐠𝐞 𝐨𝐧 𝐇𝐨𝐧𝐨𝐫𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐃𝐞𝐩𝐚𝐫𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐎𝐧𝐞 𝐨𝐧 𝐐𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐌𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐃𝐚𝐲 – 29 March 2023
Qing Ming Day, on the commemoration of the ancestors, many peoples choose to go tomb-sweeping and worship at temples to express their memory of their ancestors.
In fact, Tomb Sweeping Day (Qing Ming) has nothing to do with Buddhism, but because Han Buddhism values filial piety and has the habit of commemorate ancestors. After Buddhism was introduced to China, repaying one’s parents is most consistent with traditional Chinese filial piety. Besides, tomb sweeping, many Buddhists go to the temples for dhamma services, offering alms to Sangha members, observing sila, meditation, perform wholesome deeds and thereafter dedicate the merits with their ancestors.
𝐖𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐁𝐮𝐝𝐝𝐡𝐚 𝐩𝐫𝐞𝐚𝐜𝐡𝐞𝐝 𝐨𝐧 𝐬𝐡𝐚𝐫𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐨𝐟 𝐦𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐬 (𝐏𝐚𝐭𝐭𝐢𝐝𝐚𝐧𝐚) 𝐭𝐨 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐝𝐞𝐩𝐚𝐫𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐨𝐧𝐞?
𝗧𝗶𝗿𝗼𝗸𝘂𝗱𝗱𝗮 𝗦𝘂𝘁𝘁𝗮 or (𝑫𝒊𝒔𝒄𝒐𝒖𝒓𝒔𝒆 𝒐𝒏 𝑻𝒉𝒆 𝑻𝒓𝒂𝒏𝒔𝒇𝒆𝒓𝒆𝒏𝒄𝒆 𝑶𝒇 𝑴𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒕𝒔 𝑻𝒐 𝑻𝒉𝒆 𝑫𝒆𝒑𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒆𝒅 𝑶𝒏𝒆𝒔) was expounded by the Buddha to King Bimbisara during one of His visits to Rajagaha. The Buddhist ritual of dedicate merits was first established with the story of King Bimbisara.
Tirokudda Sutta was preached on the third day of the Buddha visit to Rajagaha. A night before that, unsatisfied beings had made a great outcry in King Bimbisara palace. In the time of Phussa Buddha, these beings had been workmen entrusted with the task of distributing alms to the Buddha and his monks, but they neglected their duties and had appropriated some of the offering for themselves. As a result, they suffered for a long period and became unsatisfied unseen beings during Kassapa Buddha’s period. Kassapa Buddha asked them to wait for Gauthama Buddha’s time when King Bimbisara, their one-time relative, gathers merit for them by offering alms to the Buddha. It was said that some unsatisfied beings who were King Bimbisara’s departed kinsmen made a great uproar in the palace because the King had failed to dedicate merits to them.
The Gautama Buddha explained that to King Bimbisara who thereupon gave alms in the names of the departed ones, thus benefited them and making them peace.
“Although Qing Ming was not originally a Buddhist tradition, it has nevertheless been observed by Chinese Buddhist members for centuries. The Buddha taught that our duties towards parents and relatives do not end with their passing away. After their demise, we may continue to honour them by performing wholesome and noble deeds, thereafter dedicate the merits to them.”
According to Buddha’s teaching, It is through our wholesome deeds and the dedication of merits that our departed relatives can truly being benefited. Performing noble deeds is beneficial to the doer; and when the merits are dedicated to departed one, it supports them as well.